Bihar is one of the 29 states of India, Bihar is located in eastern part of India. Bihar is the 3rd largest state of India in terms of population and 13th largest state in terms of area. Bihar covers an area of 36,357 sq mi i.e. 94,163 km2. Bihar is totaly land locked state, Uttar Pradesh is at its west, West Bengal state is at its east, Jharkahand is at south and Nepal is at north side of Bihar.
Bihar has always been the centre of learning, power, and culture in ancient India.
Bihar has total 9 Divisions under which there are total 38 districts, 101 sub divisions, 534 Blocks, 8,406 Panchayats and 45,103 Revenue Villages. State has total 853 Police stations in which 813 are Civil Police Stations and 40 are Railway Police Stations.
As per Census 2011, Total population of Bihar is 10,38,04,637 out of which male population is 5,41,85,347 where as female population is 4,96,19,290 in Bihar. Children population(0-6) here is 1,85,82,229 in this 96,15,280 are boys and 89,66,949 are girls. In a decade that means from 2001 to 2011 Bihar's population increased by 25% that is 2,08,06,128.
Population Density in the state is 1,102 per sq kms. Highest population Density is in Sheohar District which is 1882/sq kms, where as lowest population density is in Kaimur district which is 488/sq kms.
Patna with population count 57,72,804 is the most populous district of Bihar, however Sheikhpura district is the smallest district in terms of population.
Sex ratio of Bihar state is 916 females per thousand males, Munger and Bhagalpur are two districts where the sex ratio is lowest which is 879 females per thousand males, whereas Gopalganj district has the highest sex ratio which is 1,015 female per thousand males.
Bihar's average district population is 27,31,701.
Litracy rate of Bihar is 63.82% and total 5,43,90,254 population is litrate in the state in this 3,27,11,975 are males and 2,16,78,279 are female. male litracy rate is high in this state in comparison of female litracy rate. Male litracy rate here is 73.39% whereas female litracy rate is 53.33%.
Agricultural land in Bihar is 60% of its total area which is higher than other states of India, the average agricultural land of all India is 42%. Rice is the most cultivated grain in Bihar and it is cultivatecd in every district of the state. Apart from Rice, wheat, moong, khesari, peas and other pulses also cultivated here. The top districts in cultivation are Aurangabad, Bhojpur, Patna & Nalanda.